Authors: Peter J. O’Rourke a, Paul (Pinghua) Zhao b, Dale Snider b
a CFD d’OR Software and Consulting
b CPFD Software
Source: Chemical Engineering Science, Volume 64, Issue 8, 2009, Pages 1784-1797
Description: A new model is presented for numerical simulations of collisional transfer of mass, momentum and energy in gas/liquid/solid fluidized beds. The mathematical formulation uses a collision model similar to that of Bhatnagar, Gross, and Krook (BGK), in a particle distribution function transport equation, in order to approximate the rates at which collisions bring about local equilibration of particle velocities and the masses, compositions, and temperatures of liquid films on bed particles. The model is implemented in the framework of the computational-particle fluid dynamics (CPFD) numerical methodology, in which the particle phase is represented with computational parcels and the continuous phase is calculated on Eulerian finite-difference grid. Computational examples using the Barracuda® code, show the ability of the model to calculate spray injection and subsequent liquid spreading in gas/solid flows.