Authors: Eun Sol Go a, Beom-Sik Kim b, Jester Lih Jie Ling a, Seung Seok Oh a, Hyun Jun Park a, See Hoon Lee a,c
a Department of Environment and Energy, Jeonbuk National University, 567, Baekje-daero, Jeonju-si, jeollabuk-do, 54896, Republic of Korea
b Hydrogen Research Center, Research Institute of Industrial Science and Technology, 67, Cheongam-ro, Nam-gu, Pohang-si, Gyeongsangbuk-do, 37673, Republic of Korea
c Department of Mineral Resources Energy Engineering, Jeonbuk National University, 567, Baekje-daero, Jeonju-si, jeollabuk-do, 54896, Republic of Korea
Source: This paper was published in Environment Research.
Abstract: Within circulating fluidized bed (CFB) processes, gas and solid behaviors are mutually affected by operating conditions. Therefore, understanding the behaviors of gas and solid materials inside CFB processes is required for designing and operating those processes. In addition, in order to minimize the environmental impact, modeling to reduce pollutants such as SOx emitted from those processes is essential, and simulation reproduction is necessary for optimization, but little is known. In this study, the gas and solid behaviors in a pilot-scale circulating fluidized bed combustor were investigated by using computational particle fluid dynamics (CPFD) numerical simulation based on the multiphase particle-in-cell (MP-PIC) method under oxy-fuel combustion conditions. In particular, the combustion and in-situ desulfurization reactions simultaneously were considered in this CPFD model. Effect of fluidization number (ULS/Umf) was investigated through the comparison of particle circulation rates with regards to the loop seal flux plane and bed height in the standpipe. In addition, the effects of parameters (temperature, Ca/S molar ratio, and particle size distribution), sensitive indicators for the desulfurization efficiency of limestone, were confirmed. Based on the cycle of the thermodynamic equilibrium curve of limestone, it is suggested that direct and indirect desulfurization occur simultaneously under different operating conditions in CFB, creating an environment in which various reactions other than desulfurization can occur. Addition of the reaction equations (i.e., porosity, diffusion) to the established simple model minimizes uncertainty in the results. Furthermore, the model can be utilized to optimize in-situ desulfurization under oxy-CFB operating conditions.