Authors: Peter J. O’Rourke a, and Dale M. Snider b
a CFD d’OR Software and Consulting, LLC, 926 Circle Dr., Los Alamos, NM 87544, USA
b CPFD Software, 10899 Montgomery Blvd NE Ste B, Albuquerque, NM 87111, USA
Source: O’Rourke, P. J.; Snider, D. M. An Improved Collision Damping Time for MP-PIC Calculations of Dense Particle Flows with Applications to Polydisperse Sedimenting Beds and Colliding Particle Jets. Chemical Engineering Science 2010, 65 (22), 6014–6028.
Abstract: This paper describes several improvements to a numerical model introduced by O’Rourke et al. (2009) for collisional exchange and damping in dense particle flows. O’Rourke et al. (2009) use a Bhatnagar, Gross, and Krook (BGK) approximation to the collision terms in a particle distribution function transport equation to model the effects of particle collisions on damping fluctuating particle velocities and, in gas/liquid/solid beds, fluctuating temperatures and compositions of liquid films on particle surfaces. In this paper we focus on particle flows in which the particles have no liquid films and report on an improved expression we have developed for the collision damping time of particle velocity fluctuations used in the BGK approximation. The improved expression includes the effects on the collision damping time of the particle material coefficient of restitution and of non-equilibrium particle velocity distributions. The collision model improvements are incorporated into the general-purpose computational-particle fluid dynamics (CPFD) numerical methodology for dense particle flows. Three computational examples show the benefits of using the new collision time in calculations of particle separation in polydisperse dense particle flows and calculations of colliding particle jets.